Summer is the time of year when we use the car the most, whether we go on vacation, to visit towns or for a trip to the beach. Intensive use on those days, coupled with hot weather, could cause deterioration or damage, so it is worth knowing some tips to avoid premature wear and tear on your vehicle.
Going out for a car ride in the summer could become a pain, as high temperatures often cause breakdowns. For this reason and in order to improve road safety and peace of mind for all passengers, drivers are obliged to check in advance the proper functioning of our vehicle.
Since the summer affects not only us, but also the operation of our cars, many times it is not enough to check the most important parts and mechanisms, since the high temperatures usually cause damage and serious breakdowns. Next, we present 5 aspects of great importance that you should review before going on a walk or trip in summer.
1. Check the correct tire pressure
Tire pressure is related according to the load you carry in the car. In this sense, if you usually walk alone and any day you go with 4 people and you don’t adjust the pressure, nothing happens. But, if you are going to travel long distances with extra weight, you must put air in and increase the pressure; this applies as a rule, regardless of the time of year. However, it is during the summer when more breakdowns occur with tires due to heat.
Uninflated or low-pressure tires increase the contact surface with the ground, which, together with the high temperatures of the asphalt, causes the tread to heat up more and cause premature wear; Under these conditions, the tire life could be shortened by up to 15%.
On the other hand, the hot asphalt during the summer is also the cause of the risk of a puncture, a fault that is very common at this time if we have not calibrated an adequate pressure.
2. Constantly check the engine temperature
Many vehicles during the summer can lose power and increase their fuel consumption, this is due to the fact that high temperatures negatively affect the engine. To burn fuel, engines require the presence of air in their cylinders; however, when the ambient temperature is high, there is less oxygen in the air, which causes the fuel not to burn properly.
An engine in normal conditions tends to reach an optimum temperature of 90 ° C, so it is advisable that you watch the indicators on the dashboard so that the temperature does not exceed the red zone, in which case there is a risk of burning the engine . If you notice that the temperature gauge rises more than normal, you could put the heating at full power, the idea is to release all the heat from the engine and avoid serious damage; You could also turn off the vehicle and wait for it to return to normal temperature.
3. Keep the car clean
During the summer and due to the inclemency of the sun’s rays, the paint of the car loses its shine and the deterioration of the bodywork is possible. Therefore, one aspect that you should consider to extend the useful life of your vehicle is to wash it frequently and keep it free of dirt. There are products specially designed to protect paint from ultraviolet rays and are easily applied like a wax.
4. Try to park in the shade
When it comes to going out with your car, the ideal would be for you to find a place to park in the shade, but we know that this is not always possible, so many times you will have to leave it in full sun. The sun’s rays, especially those in the middle of the day, could cause excessive heat to cause an electronic failure and also usually damage the upholstery.
However, when there is no other option and it is impossible for you to leave the vehicle parked in the shade, you can use a product that helps you avoid wear of the internal parts, the car sunshade . If you do n’t know which car sunshade ( If you click here, you will find several products to choose from ) to buy, there is a wide variety of models on the market for all tastes. They are usually put on the front windshield as a protective barrier, which also favors optimal operation when you turn on the air conditioning.
You can also use a protector for the gearbox, for the steering wheel and also for the seats (especially if they are made of leather), since this way you can keep these parts away from the sun’s rays and therefore, you will be avoiding any accidental burns when returning. to the car and have contact with these components.
5. Monitor the condition of the brakes
When it comes to road safety, the condition of the brakes is a vital factor, whether we are in winter or summer. If the brakes do not work properly in the face of any unforeseen event, you could be putting your life and that of the passengers at serious risk. For this reason, you must pay due attention to this mechanical part of your car and even more so, in the summer season or if you live in a hot climate, since the heat causes the brakes to heat up above normal.
The brake system of a vehicle operates at high temperatures, this is due to the friction caused by the discs and pads. In environments with a pleasant climate, this is not a problem, since the disc has holes that allow the passage of air and its consequent cooling; however, when it is summer and the external heat is too high, a cooling failure can occur and cause overheating.
When this overheating occurs, the pads can crystallize, as well as the brake fluid tends to lose its useful life and even the discs could become deformed; therefore, the brakes decrease their effectiveness generating longer stops that could cause an accident. It is best to try to use the engine brake, especially when it comes to long descents, in order to minimize brake wear.