In 2022, European cars will have technological safety systems

For greater safety and to prevent accidents, European Union legislators approved an agreement that will introduce technological systems for safety in cars manufactured from the first quarter of 2022. Through this measure, it is believed that there will be improvements for increased safety on the roads.


There are many cases in which technology has been put at the command of advances that improve people’s lives and safety. At times, roads and highways can be unsafe. There are many accidents in cars that are registered year after year, some of them with fatalities. Despite the fact that these fatal events have been regulated and there is strong control, they continue to occur.

In most cases, cars are safe and responsive. However, many times the problem is with the driver. That is, the failure is human, either by going with excess speed, with a couple of drinks on top, under the influence of some substance, among other situations that put at risk not only who is behind the wheel, but also their companions and other drivers on the road.


Cars with higher safety technologies 

During the month of March of this year there was a series of sessions of the House of legislators. After some deliberation, controversial measures such as copyright reform and time change were taken and passed.

In addition to these two, the legislators of the European Union approved a provisional agreement, which stipulates that from the year 2022 some systems for safety in cars will be introduced that will reduce the risks of accidents. As is known, these measures will begin to be applied to all cars that leave the factory after March 2022.

Among these additions to the car, the black box stands out, which will work in a similar way to that of an airplane. In addition, it is planned that a speed control system will be added, which will work intelligently and will be in charge of alerting the driver of the allowed limit on each road. On the other hand, within the systems there was talk of a highly reliable and precise breathalyzer, which will prevent the driver from starting the vehicle if it exceeds the permitted levels of liquor. 




Reduce the accident rate 

Each of these measures and the comprehensive security system that will be added to the cars belong to the program known as “Europe on the move”. These measures are expected to save an estimated 7,300 lives, as well as avoid an average of 28,900 serious injuries in the decade from 2020 to 2030, according to the approximations used by the European Union. 

However, not everything ends there, as the objectives of this commission are more ambitious, since by 2050 they hope to reduce deaths and road accidents in their entirety. 

Although it seems unlikely, it is not a plan without merit. In fact, the European Union has already approved a first agreement that will review the General Safety Regulations, where some 15 varied systems are studied to improve safety on the route.


The systems 

In the case of passenger cars that group trucks, buses and vans, it is expected to enable intelligent assistants to control speed, while warning the driver in case of distractions or drowsiness. Also, the use of sensors and cameras in the rear of the car for reversing is established. In addition, a data logger should be included in case accidents occur, such as the “black box”.

Likewise, in passenger cars and vans there must be an emergency braking system, as well as assistance for leaving the lane and the incorporation of seat belts with greater safety, which work properly in the event of collisions. 

When it comes to trucks and buses, it is a requirement that all blind spots are eliminated, in addition to the incorporation of advanced systems located in the front and side of the vehicles, to warn vulnerable users on the road. This mechanism is especially for when maneuvers such as turns are made. 




Safeguard lives and prevent future events

The black box will keep a record of all the events that occur in the car. This will help determine why the accident occurred and thus be able to take action accordingly, as well as optimize safety to prevent future events. 

Another aspect that has attracted attention is the intelligent speed assistance, which will have the task of alerting drivers when they pass the permitted speed limits. As has been known, this system is based on the GPS signal, as well as on the recognition through cameras of traffic signs, its purpose being that the established limits are respected.

In this sense, a MEP said that the European Commission sought to go further, by proposing to car manufacturers that they automatically brake when the established limits are exceeded. However, it was agreed that the built-in systems will only alert the driver when they have exceeded the limits. 

In addition, these measures will include an alcohol meter in the cars, as well as the best breathalyzer on the market, with a high level of precision that, according to the amount of liquor in the blood thrown, could generate a blockage when starting the vehicle.

To adapt to these measures, some car manufacturers and importers in Europe have already launched or are preparing to start with the systems. Among them, the Volvo, which from 2021 will set the maximum speed in all its models at 180 km / h. Also, these cars will incorporate a system that will stop the vehicle on the shoulder, in case the driver is under the influence of alcohol or sleepy.



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