Unbeknownst to many drivers, a vehicle’s paint job is multifaceted and consists of several individual coats and treatments. When combined, these coats complete the look of a vehicle, with a rich and dynamic look. Like a puzzle, the lack of a certain coat of paint leaves a lot to be desired.
Of these individual coats of paint, few are as popular as the final clear coat. As a final application, a clear coat greatly enhances the natural appeal of any properly executed paint job, retaining its splendor for many years.
However, many car owners have questions about the properties of a clear coat after painting their vehicle in a body shop. How long does it take for a clear coat to dry? How long can I wash my car? These are all valid points of concern, which deserve due consideration.
Read on to learn more about the automotive clear coat and how long it takes to dry, set, and cure after application.
What is transparent varnish?
Vehicle paint typically consists of three base coats.
- The first of these layers is called primer. A primer prepares a bare metal surface for applying paint, providing a smooth, uniform base for painting.
- The second layer of a vehicle’s paint job is the actual paint color that is recognizable to the naked eye. A thin layer of translucent resin is then applied to this paint, providing a smooth finish.
- This last layer of paint is called a clear coat.
The clear coat is responsible for giving a natural or wet look to a vehicle’s paint. This topcoat also protects the vehicle’s paint from damage caused by natural environmental wear and tear. This wear includes the abrasive effects of wind, UV rays and rain.
How long does it take for clear coat to dry to the touch?
In general, the clear coat takes from 12-48 hours to dry your hand.
At this point, a vehicle’s clear coat has little risk of chipping or peeling prematurely, and it also resists stains. From this point on, the vehicle can be driven without any adverse effects, although care must be taken to protect the vehicle from scratches or dents.
Related: Different Types of Car Scratches (and Cost to Repair)
How long does it take for a clear coat to harden?
Clear coat takes much longer to cure than you would expect. In general, a clear coat may take up to 30 days to dry completely although this time window may be a little shorter or longer, depending on certain environmental factors.
At best, some types of clear coats are known to set and harden in less than a week.
If you plan to apply car wrap, PPF (paint protection film), vinyl decals, or even Plasti Diop, it is highly recommended that you make sure the clear coat is fully cured or you are likely to have some problems along the way.
Factors affecting drying and curing time
As mentioned above, drying and application times for clear coats vary widely, depending on several factors. Each of these factors directly affects the rate at which the clear coat completes the outgassing process and begins to set.
These are some of the most important factors.
#1 – Temperature
The temperature at which the clear coat is applied definitely affects its overall drying and curing times.
As a general rule, the colder the temperature, the longer it will take for the clear coat to set and dry. On the other end of the spectrum, warm, dry environments are ideal for fast dry times for clear coats.
#2 – Humidity
In most cases, high humidity is responsible for longer clear coat dry times. For this reason, many body shops promote the use of temperature-controlled paint booths, which eliminates many uncontrollable variables.
In most cases, a painter expects a day of moderate temperatures and low relative humidity.
#3 – Surface preparation
The condition of the surface to be coated also affects the drying time of the clear coat itself. The more expertly a vehicle’s base coat of paint is applied the greater the adhesion of the overlaid clear coat.
As a result, a clear coat applied to skillfully painted vehicles often dries faster than expected.
How long can I wash my car?
The car should not be washed for 30 days after using the clear coat. This is because most clear coats are still setting and hardening during this time.
Applying soap/detergent to your vehicle’s freshly painted exterior can easily compromise this curing process, damaging the clear coat itself.
If in doubt, contact the body shop that applied the clear coat to your vehicle before washing it for the first time. They should have all the relevant details at their fingertips and should be able to give you an accurate estimate of how much time should have passed before your vehicle was washed.
It is also best to contact the body shop if you find bird droppings, tar, or other materials on a freshly painted vehicle. Removing them can do more harm than good if you use the wrong product or method.
How long can I wax my car?
Most paint manufacturers specify that drivers should not wax their vehicles until 60 to 90 days after applying the clear coat. Again, this arises from the need for a fully hardened, hardened clear coat before being affected by foreign agents, including those found in automotive body wax. Additionally, during the curing process, the entire paint, including the clear coat, must be allowed to breathe without stopping.
If these instructions are not followed, the vehicle’s freshly applied clear coat may not have the best possible finished appearance. In many cases, a body shop will also void any warranty that comes with the vehicle’s paint job, due to negligence on the part of the driver. This leaves your vehicle in less than optimal condition and you, the driver, have no recourse.