Guide to buying car speakers
Enjoying good sound depends on many things that we probably do not even notice on a day-to-day basis. So knowing what to watch out for is the first step to making a great purchase. Here you can familiarize yourself with car speakers and what they need to be great.
When thinking about speakers, the first thing that should cross your mind should be the sound quality of these. Surely you do not want to listen to your favorite song with an annoying noise or a very low volume, for that reason, it is necessary to pay attention to the power and sound that that speaker you want offers you.
Speaker power is determined in W, and the more powerful the speaker is, the better the songs will sound . The RMS power is what will tell you how clear and loud the sounds will be, as it indicates how much power the speaker can receive from the amplifier. If the amplifier transfers more power than the speaker can receive, the sound will be distorted and the wiring could be burned. For that reason, it is preferable to buy a high RMS power range to avoid that.
The electrical power, on the other hand, will indicate the compatibility of the speaker with the source, since you will be able to identify the maximum power level with which it works. A power input greater than the speaker’s maximum electrical power capacity can damage them. The power source must always be equal to or less than the speaker’s power limit.
If you respect these levels, both in RMS power and electrical power, then the PMPO power, also called Peak, will never be a problem for you. This power is the one that indicates the maximum time that a speaker can work to the limit before being damaged, however, it is imperative that you do not take your sound system to this point if you can avoid it, as it could be completely damaged and require more expense and weather. In addition to being able to affect other components.
Following these indications between the compatibility of your car, your radio, amplifier and speakers, you can enjoy clear sounds, with good resonance and details.
Materials and size
When comparing car speakers, keep in mind the materials used in the electrical systems and the external parts of these. It does not matter how much it costs or if it is the cheapest speaker if with little time of use it will be damaged. For that reason, it is better to buy those products that, despite not being the cheapest, offer you a very good quality .
The quality connectors will give you good sound transmission, which will make what you listen to quite clear. On top of that, these stand up better to high volume and frequent use, so they won’t be damaged as easily. Additionally, the elements used outside must also be good, to prevent the parts from deteriorating, such as, for example, quality rubber rings, resistant plastic edges for the screws, etc.
Size is another feature that must also be taken into account, since not all cars have the same space for speakers. There are very large products that do not fit in small cars and, if they did, they would need complicated modifications to be used.
To avoid this, measure the depth, diameter and length to avoid purchasing speakers that are not compatible with your car model. If you’re not sure, check your car’s owner’s manual or remove the factory speakers to measure them and get an idea of the size.
In the guide to buying the best car speakers you should pay attention to a very important aspect. Despite being similar to each other, not all speakers are suitable for what you need. Some are low, some are high, and some are medium, so if you don’t take this into account and just buy the good inexpensive first option, then you could run into trouble.
There are 3 types of famous speakers that are responsible for reproducing different frequencies. The tweeters, the mids, and the woofers.
The former stand out for being high-frequency speakers, therefore, they take care of the treble. They are the most delicate and the smallest, in addition to being the ones that have the ability to reproduce the superficial and most noticeable details.
The mids, as the name implies, reproduces all the mids, the ones that lie between what a tweeter and a woofer pick up. They provide balance and stable sounds.
Woofers are the largest and most robust speakers, responsible for all low frequencies and bass. They stand out for being quite sensitive due to their size and are responsible for capturing sounds in frequencies between approximately 200 and 70hz.
Frequently asked questions
Q1: How to make a car speaker box?
The first thing you need to do is measure the speakers. Cut four pieces of MDF, using material a minimum of 12mm thick. With this, make a rectangle, following the measurements of the speakers and adding 5 centimeters.
Cut two more pieces, appropriate to the measurements of the previous ones. Measure the radius of the speaker and trace it onto the material, then proceed to cut it. In another sheet, make a 5-centimeter hole and cut. Do this process with a jigsaw to make the finish more neat.
Arrange each piece and proceed to join the parts of the box with a drill, glue and silicone sealant. If desired, make thin strips of wood to reinforce the interior.
Put the speaker in the hole and mark the place to screw it in and make it fit. Remove it and pre-drill each hole. Wait for the inside of the box to dry for a full day before doing the job.
After that, connect the speaker wires through the hole you left open, and if you want to have a clearer sound, then fill both the bottom and top with polyethylene.
Insert the speaker and fix the connectors. Screw in the appliance, then seal the openings so the sound doesn’t escape. Wait again one day.
Q2: How to repair car speakers?
It all depends on exactly what needs to be repaired. If you do not have any knowledge in this, it is better to take the speakers to an expert who will guide you and indicate if the speakers are repairable, as there are some cases in which the appliances burn out and cannot be restored.
If you try to repair them without knowing the problem, you will likely end up damaging them even more and this will waste time, money and, in addition, can lead to other problems in the car.
Q3: Why do my car speakers vibrate?
The speakers may be loose, and in this case they need to be adjusted until they are in the correct position. There is also the possibility that some component has been damaged and now causes this constant vibration when using them.
However, one of the most common reasons is electrical current, as some radios do not have the same speaker power and may not be adequate to reproduce sound of the quality you want, causing that, when the volume is turned up, the speakers vibrate or rumble.
Q4: How to connect an MP3 to car speakers?
The mp3 should not be connected directly to the speakers, but to the radio linked to the speakers. This is because the impedance is different between mp3 players and speakers which can cause mp3 burning.
Modern car radios offer MP3 plugs or AUX cables so that you can listen to your music on your car speakers controlling everything from the radio. In this way, you can enjoy the speakers but in a more secure way.
Q5: How to connect speaker cables to car radio?
Keep in mind that the thickest terminal is the one that serves as the positive and the thinner the one that serves as the negative. If you are using speakers of the same power as the ones you had, you only need to remove the old speakers and respect the wiring, placing it the same with these new speakers.
Use the correct polarity to avoid loss of sound and deterioration of the speakers.
Q6: How to measure car speakers?
With a tape measure, first measure the depth of the speaker, from the top to the rear where the connection is made. Then, just proceed to measure height and width, so that, when finished, you can measure the diameter of the speaker that will indicate the opening necessary to install it.
Q7: Why don’t my car speakers sound?
It is very likely that a fault in the connections is the cause of the problem. This may be because they have deteriorated, burned from excessive use, etc. This would require a wiring change.
However, they may simply not be connected properly. Check.
Q8: How to put car speakers to the computer?
It is not recommended to make the connection directly to the PC source, since the magnetic links can cause problems both in the hard disk and the motherboard of the computer.
To minimize the risks, it is advisable to purchase an amplifier that helps you connect the speakers to it, while the device makes the connection with the computer. Make sure the voltages, power and impedance are compatible and adequate to avoid damage.
How to use car speakers
Having a good sound in the car to enjoy long trips listening to your favorite music is the dream of many, therefore, buying speakers that allow this can be the best acquisition to improve your days. Using them is simple, however, installing them can be a bit tricky if you don’t know how to get started. By gathering a few common tools and taking the time to do so, you can have your speakers up and running in no time.
Disconnect the battery
To be safer and to avoid any type of short circuit, it is necessary to disconnect the battery during the installation process. This will not only protect you but will also keep all the parts of your car safe, avoiding inconveniences.
Organize your tools
Find your screwdrivers, tape measure, spacers, and drills so your tools are organized, and with them close at hand, you won’t have to search for them when you need them.
Remove old speakers
Remove the grille covering the old speakers, if they have one, to gain access to them. Use the right tools to act as a small lever to lift it.
Unscrew the old speakers and separate them, but do not pull too hard, remember that these are connected. Do all this carefully to avoid damaging the cables, as these will be used to make the new connection if you have not purchased very different speakers. Otherwise, you will need another cable connection.
Pay attention to the speaker connection and remember it. Also, try to save the screws, because you will need some at the end of the process.
Make the connection
Identify the correct polarity, positive and negative cable as the first step, because if you make a reversed connection, you can risk that the speakers will not sound or will be damaged in a short time.
After this, bring the new speaker closer and make the connection in the same way as the previous device to have an adequate sound and not present problems
Today’s cars come with woofers and tweeters, so if your rig comes with these then proceed with the same switching process. If not, then you need to make room, either in the doors or in the back of the car. You can also install them separately, that is, since the woofers are larger, it is more practical to place them in the back while the high frequencies are in the door.
Try the product
When the speakers are installed, test the product by connecting the car battery and turning on the radio. Check that they sound good at all volume levels and let them run for a few minutes to notice if there are changes or distortions. If everything is ok, turn off the radio and finish the installation.
Attach the protective grid
To finish the process and enjoy the sound, put the protective grill back so that your speakers are safe. You just need to add pressure and screw in with the same screws that you took out.