There are those who consider that after having a few drinks you can drive a car normally. However, each of these actions have consequences. In addition to putting personal safety at risk, they even expose themselves to other people. If this is not reason enough to avoid it, then be aware that there are infractions that can land you in jail.
Those who have a car have the possibility of going from one place to another more quickly and easily. No need to wait for public transportation and no carpooling.
However, driving is much more than just accelerating and braking, since regular maintenance of the car is done and it is also essential to be responsible at the wheel to avoid traffic violations, accidents and even jail.
Perhaps many people do not know it or perhaps prefer to omit it, but driving at high speed and consuming alcohol during it are offenses punishable by the Penal Code in force in the country. The fines for these offenses can be up to six years in prison.
Whether due to carelessness or the product of an involuntary action, there are a series of actions behind the wheel that are punishable by jail. According to the level of the offense committed, the penalties vary, so that a driver can be penalized with a simple fine or with the loss of some points on the driving license. There are even those who can file misdemeanors for serious crimes and end up with a filing regime in court, which can lead to prosecution and conviction.
When driving, zero drugs and alcohol
Whether for sporadic or recreational use, driving under the influence of narcotic drugs, alcoholic beverages, psychotropics and toxic drugs, is totally prohibited according to article 379.2, being considered a crime.
In the case of drugs, the application of the article is complex, since there is no specific rate. In this sense, it will be the police officer who will be in charge of detecting the influence of these substances on the person, through different signs and mechanisms such as the drug test.
In any case, when detecting the presence of narcotic substances or drugs in the body, a fine will be generated as a consequence of driving under this state. The amount of this crime must be paid with a penalty of 1000 euros and 6 points of the driving license will be lost.
Mindful of alcohol
On the other hand, for alcohol consumption to be considered a crime, the level is estimated at 0.60 mg / l and higher. This means that driving with 0.25 milligrams per liter of exhaled air, that is, with the presence of 0.50 grams per liter of blood in the body, is not an offense, because it is under the standards stipulated by law.
However, when exceeding the established limit, the driver will have to submit to justice, since a ballot and an administrative sanction will be issued. Taking breathalyzer tests is simple, it will only be necessary for the officer to use the breathalyzer and the figure will appear on the screen.
As established in article 379 of the Spanish Penal Code, a driver who exceeds the permitted alcohol limits can be punished with imprisonment for three to six months or even more. Similarly, it can also be punished with community work for periods of 31 to 90 days, as well as with the deprivation of the right to drive for a period of between one and four years.
No one can refuse the test
The authorities have technological equipment to carry out the alcoholism test. In fact, many of them are considered the best breathalyzers of 2020 ( In this link you can find some purchase options ) , so if the driver exceeds the established limit, it will be reflected immediately and there is no way to circumvent the system .
Refusing to take the test is not an alternative either. As established in article 383 of the Penal Code, it will also be punished as a crime. For a driver who commits serious disobedience and refuses to take the breathalyzer or drug tests, the penalty can be jail, for periods ranging from six months to a year behind bars.
In addition, committing the crime of disobedience to an officer can lead to depriving the right to drive motor cars, as well as mopeds, for a period ranging from one to four years.
Respect speed limits
Speeding should be left for Formula 1 racing and action movies. In real life, stepping on the gas and exceeding the limits can be dangerous, for the person at the wheel, for those who accompany him and the rest of the cars on the road.
On the other hand, in addition to being unsafe, going at speeds above what is established also carries a criminal sanction, according to article 379.1 of the Penal Code. This Law establishes that drivers who go at a speed that exceed 60 km / h on urban roads and 80 km / h on interurban roads will be penalized, that is, those who exceed 110 km / h in the city and 200km / h on the highway.
Punishments vary according to the position, but in most cases, three to six months imprisonment, fines, community service work and suspension of the license are established.
In addition to these serious faults, driving without the respective license also carries a violation of the norm and is considered a crime. So if you have lost all the points of the license by judicial decision, it is prudent that you do not drive, since the penalty in this case can be 3 to 6 months.
Other crimes considered serious offenses are reckless driving and leaving the scene of an accident. So if the person escapes and there have been injuries, a penalty ranging from 3 to 6 months in prison can be imposed. In the event that the injured person dies, the punishment can be up to four years of deprivation of liberty.